Thursday, October 15, 2009

The Jewish history of Moldova

The Jewish history of Moldova



•1 - 5 centuries - Jewish settlements appear in the Roman province of Dacia, of which the territory of modern Moldova was a part
•5 - 10 centuries - The territory of modern Moldova partly belongs to Hazar Kaganat professing Judaism
•10 - 13 centuries - Boundary territories of modern Moldova are included in the Kiev Rus and the Polish-Lithuanian Empire where Jews have lived since the 10th century CE
•14 century - The name of Moldova appears; the first official mention of the Jewish community of Moldova is made.
•18 century - On the left bank of the Dniester river there are Russian military stations/fortresses - Dubossary, Rybnitsa, Tiraspol, etc. where there are Jewish communities
•1812 - Bessarabia joins the Russian Empire; 5,000 Jewish families live on its territory
•the end of 19th century - 300 thousand Jews live in Bessarabia, 12% of the total population of province
•1903 - A bloody Jewish Pogrom takes place in Kishinev, which alarms and agitates the public of Russia, Europe and America
•1905 - Jewish pogroms on the territory of the province; mass emigration of Bessarabian Jews to America.
•1940 - 400 thousand Jews live in Moldova
•1940 - 1944 - About 300 thousand Jews become victims of the Holocaust on the territory of Moldova
•1944 - 1989 - Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic is a part of the USSR. The processes of assimilation of Jews, anti-Zionist and anti-Israeli propaganda takes place. The first streams of emigration to Israel
•1989 - 1991 - Revival of the Jewish life, appearance of the first official local Jewish organizations, mass repatriation of Jews to Israel and emigration to America
•1991 - 1999 - Collapse of the USSR and formation of an independent Republic of Moldova. Opening of foreign Jewish organizations and representations, establishment and development of local Jewish structures.
•2000-2005 - Revival of the Jewish life in Moldova. Reducted emigration of the Jewish population. 23,000 Jews live in Moldova

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